The Scarf affair which took place in France through the 1990s is a clear representation of the French refusal to revise their particular national id. As the rate of post-colonial migration increased, so would the population of Muslims surviving in France. This kind of rise of Muslim inhabitants spurred the start of the Headscarf affair that was used as a tool, against Muslims, to stop the revising of the The french language national personality. The affair was justified by 3 main reasons, 1) to protect the concept of Secularism, 2) to achieve a " noticeable integrationвЂќ and 3) to stop the inescapable Islamic attack of England. These three justifications, when ever considered in conjunction with each other, can show how the Headscarf affair in Portugal is representative of a French refusal to revise their nationwide identity and incorporate all their new post-colonial migrants to their society. The French held substantial the ideology of Republic Universalism, a notion that aimed to lower traces of difference among people, making national вЂsameness'. From this, the thought of Secularism was created which was executed to provide a very clear barrier between the State and religion. In the event the French could succeed in executing the idea of Secularism, they can separate the state from faith based practices which would in return remove any kind of " faith based divides which exist in societyвЂќ which would lead to a religious sameness which in turn would improve the national personality of Portugal and might prevent a revision of this identity. The Headscarf affair became french government's tool to the safety of Secularism in Portugal. In 1989 the affair began when ever headmaster Ernest Cheniere rejected to let 3 girls, every wearing an Islamic Headscarf into university вЂon the causes that it could contravene together with the principle of Secularism. вЂќ The affair continued to get momentum until in 1994 Francois Bayrou, the Ressortchef (umgangssprachlich) for Education, put a ban on the wearing of virtually any " OvertвЂќ religious emblems to school, with all the aim of removing any...
Bibliography: Texts from MHIS Unit Reader (2011):
* Freedman, Jane
* Hamel, Chouki El. Muslim Diaspora in Western The european countries: The Islamic Headscarf (Hijab), the press and Muslims' Integration in France. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Limited, 2002. P372-387.
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[ a couple of ]. MHIS Unit Audience (2011), p356.
[ 3 ]. MHIS Device Reader (2011), p356.
[ 4 ]. MHIS Unit Visitor (2011), p356.
[ 5 ]. MHIS Unit Reader (2011), p357.
[ 6th ]. MHIS Unit Visitor (2011), p360.
[ 7 ]. MHIS Device Reader (2011), p366.
[ eight ]. MHIS Unit Target audience (2011), p376.
[ 9 ]. MHIS Unit Reader (2011), p377.
[ 10 ]. MHIS Unit Target audience (2011), p377.
[ 11 ]. MHIS Product Reader (2011), p391.
[ 12 ]. MHIS Unit Reader (2011), p377.
[ 13 ]. MHIS Product Reader (2011), p375.
[ 14 ]. MHIS Unit Reader (2011), p359.
[ 15 ]. MHIS Product Reader (2011), p352.
[ 18 ]. MHIS Unit Audience (2011), p360.
[ 17 ]. MHIS Device Reader (2011), p359.
[ 18 ]. MHIS Unit Audience (2011), p391.
[ 19 ]. MHIS Device Reader (2011), p366.