CSSA Dissertation

CSSA

ManyВ peopleВ arguedВ thatВ thereВ isВ allegedВ abuseВ ofВ CSSAВ recently. В TheyВ regardsВ (orВ evenВ label)В theВ CSSAВ recipientsВ areВ lazyВ andВ abusingВ theВ CSSA. В InВ theВ symbolicВ interactionsВ perspective, В theВ causeВ ofВ socialВ problemВ isВ relatedВ toВ howВ meaningВ isВ createdВ andВ givenВ toВ thatВ problematicВ behaviorВ byВ theВ individualsВ inВ relationВ toВ his/herВ ownВ selfВ­concept/В interest. В ThatВ canВ beВ explainedВ byВ labelingВ theory. В IВ amВ goingВ toВ talkВ aboutВ theВ causesВ andВ effectsВ ofВ LabelingВ ofВ ComprehensiveВ SocialВ SecurityВ AssistanceВ (CSSA)В Scheme. В В

FirstВ ofВ all, В theВ GovernmentВ startsВ toВ createВ labelingВ theВ CSSAВ recipientВ forВ reducingВ theirВ expenditureВ orВ otherВ purposes. В InВ 1998, В thereВ isВ aВ reviewВ onВ CSSAВ wasВ doneВ byВ SocialВ WelfareВ Department.[1]В TheВ reviewВ isВ fullВ ofВ " HavingВ aВ jobВ isВ betterВ thanВ none”, В " LowВ wageВ isВ betterВ thanВ noВ wage”, ”CSSAВ shouldВ beВ theВ lastВ choice” andВ theseВ kindsВ ofВ statementsВ againstВ theВ CSSAВ recipients. В Actually, В thoseВ negativeВ andВ misleadingВ messagesВ areВ continuouslyВ spreadingВ toВ theВ publicВ byВ theВ governmentВ byВ differentВ meansВ fromВ theВ pastВ toВ now. В Thus, В theВ publicВ haveВ anВ imageВ thatВ thereВ wereВ manyВ peopleВ abusingВ CSSA, В " CSSAВ feedsВ theВ lazy”. В В

AsВ weВ allВ know, В HongВ KongersВ believedВ onВ selfВ­reliance. В WhenВ theВ GovernmentВ impliesВ thatВ CSSAВ feedsВ theВ lazy, В HongВ KongВ peopleВ wouldВ haveВ negativeВ feelingВ onВ CSSAВ recipientsВ asВ theirВ actВ wasВ againstВ theВ beliefsВ ofВ HongВ KongВ people–selfВ­reliance. В В

Second, В theВ MassВ MediaВ hadВ helpedВ theВ labelingВ act. В TheВ reportsВ doneВ byВ theВ mediaВ aboutВ theВ CSSAВ recipientsВ areВ mostlyВ negative, В e. g. В abuseВ ofВ CSSA, В crimesВ ofВ theВ CSSAВ recipients, В theВ increasingВ expenditureВ ofВ CSSAВ whichВ claimedВ becauseВ ofВ theВ abuseВ ofВ CSSA, В В

FromВ theВ attitudeВ ofВ media, В weВ canВ seeВ thatВ theВ CSSAВ recipientsВ wereВ treatedВ asВ offenders. В TheВ CSSAВ recipientsВ areВ consideredВ asВ lazyВ andВ abusingВ CSSA. В DueВ toВ theВ ruleВ createdВ andВ appliedВ byВ theВ society, В theВ actionВ ofВ applyingВ CSSAВ becameВ aВ deviantВ behaviorВ andВ peopleВ...